A new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition studied the “truth” behind “food addiction”. Researches have enrolled 12 men, who were either overweight or obese. Participants were assigned to a two milkshake “meal” that had the same amount of calorie, taste and sweetness. However one had a high glycemic index carbohydrates (HGIC), and the other one had low glycemic index carbohydrates (LGIC). The study used MRI assessing a four hour postprandial brain activity, in addition to blood sugar and hunger levels. Results revealed that HGIC such as white bread, seem to activate neurological centers focused on cravings and reward, a center that is also known for addiction. How surprised are you by the results of this research?
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How the Taste of Food Is Affected By the Weight, Size, Shape, And Colour of The Cutlery Used To Eat It
A recent study published in Flavour Journal, evaluated the influence of visual and proprioceptive effect on perception of food’s taste and flavor. More than a hundred students participated in this study. Plastic cutlery of varying shapes, colors, sizes and weights along with toothpicks were used in this study. The study compared the impact of this cutlery variation on participant’s ratings of sweetness, saltiness, overall tastiness and value. Results showed that light spoons, are preferred for a denser taste of yoghurt, darker colored spoons intensified the sweet taste of yoghurt and finally cheese was found to be saltier when tasted with a knife rather than a spoon, fork or toothpick.Would you consider using these findings to enhance the taste of your food?
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Lifestyle modification has been the corner stone in both preventing and treating type 2 Diabetes. However a recent Dutch study, published in the Journal of Radiologyconcluded that exercise alone may benefit type 2 DM patients with no other additional modifications; such as diet. The study included 12 subjects that were willing to do moderate exercise for six months. Outcomes were measured using an MRI that assessed heart function and the amount of visceral fat before and after the exercise. Results revealed that there were no changes in heart function, despite the significant decrease in visceral fat around the heart, liver and abdomen. How do you encourage your patients to exercise regularly?
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Since they were first introduced in 2004, questions were raised about their safety and actual effectiveness in quitting the habit of smoking. A recent study, published in Plos One, assessed the use of electronic cigarettes instead of regular ones in Italian subjects who were not willing to quit. A total of 300 subjects were enrolled and were evaluated throughout a whole year. The study analyzed the use of E-cigarettes with three different strengths of nicotine (7.2mg, 5.4mg and placebo) in three different groups. Results concluded that there was a significant decrease in the number of cig/day used in all three groups and up to 13 percent of these subjects quit smoking a year later. What are your thoughts on this? Would this study encourage you to recommend your smoker patients to switch to E-cigarettes?For more detailed information on this study, please click here
A recent study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine aimed to assess suggested benefit of acupuncture in the treatment of sexual dysfunction linked to SSRI and SNRI – antidepressant use. The study was conducted in Toronto/Canada for 12 consecutive week of acupuncture protocol treatment. Participants have been assessed throughout a weekly questionnaire that looked for symptoms of depression, anxiety and sexual function. The study concluded that integrating medical, complementary and alternative medicine would benefit the patient for both aspects of disease and side effect secondary to the drug being used. How often do you recommend your patients to see an acupuncturist?
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A new systematic review of 23 trials published by investigators from the Cochranne Collaboration evaluated 4,213 patients who were on antibiotics treatment for different reasons. Researchers concluded that 2% of patients when given probiotics developed C. difficile, compared with 6% of patients who were taking placebo. Additionally, people taking probiotics developed less abdominal side efeects compared to placebo. However, despite the preventive effect on diarrhea, taking probiotics did not entirely eliminate infections with C. difficile.What other indications do you recommend probiotics for? How do you feel about single versus multi-strain products?
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Earlier this year the New England Journal of Medicine have conducted anInternet poll, triggering an international debate over the medicinal use of Marijuana.Analysis of the public’s response from 72 contributing countries shows that76% voted in favor even though consumption is illegalin most of these countries. Where do you standin this long standing debate?In what circumstances would you be comfortable recommending marijuana to your patients?
A recent study in the European Journal of Heart Failure, studiedthe effect of coenzyme Q10 on morbidity and mortality in chronic heart failure. Results from the study revealed thatpatients in placebo group were significantly more likely to reach a major adverse cardiovascular event than those inCoQ10 group.How many of your chronic heart failure patients take this supplement? Would these results encourage you to prescribe CoQ10 for your patients as maintenance therapy?
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A recent publication in the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture evaluated the amount and nutritional value of canned vs. frozen produce, concluding that it is almost the same, if not better. Canned food can lose some of its nutrients, specially water-soluble vitamins such as vitamin B and C. However, being protected from oxygen,it retains nutrient stability.Fresh fruit and vegetables, although starting with higher vitamin and nutrient content, tend to lose some during shipping and processing.
What are your thoughts about these findings? How often do you chose fresh fruits over canned ones? How often does your fresh produce travel long distance to get to you?
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