Based on a new study published in the journal Cell Reports, the biological response to high-fat diet in male and female brains are not the same. According to the study, the brains of male mice became inflamed and their heart were damaged after given a steady high-fat meals, while nothing of that happened to the female mice. Interestingly, female brains have been found to produce anti-inflammatory chemicals that kept them from getting harmed by high-fat diet. However, further studies are still needed to prove these results on humans. How much do your dietary recommendations vary in men and women? What are your thoughts about this research?
To read more, please visit News Medical.
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The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has published its recommendations in the latest issue of Annals of Internal Medicine (draft released in November of 2013.) The recommendations suggests that there is not enough evidence to show if there is benefit or harm in taking multivitamins to prevent heart disease and cancer, aside from two exceptions. They recommend against the use of vitamin E and beta-carotene in preventing heart disease and cancer. People who are at a high risk of lung cancer, such as smokers, had a higher chance of developing lung cancer when using beta-carotene. The task force focused only on heart disease and cancer and there are no recommendations on taking vitamins and supplements for overall health and wellness or for filling nutrition gaps.
What do you usually take and recommend vitamins and supplements for? What are your thoughts on these recommendations?How would this change the way you take or recommend vitamins?
For additional information please visit WebMD
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The researchers from the Medical Research Council, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and University College London looked at the cycle for hire scheme for a course of one year and found that the benefits from physical activity outweighed the negative impact of injuries and air pollutions in people age 45-59.Men benefited the most in terms of reduction of heart disease, while women had most benefit in terms of reduction in depression. Would you consider switching to bicycling as your main means of transportation if the system was available in your area? Would you cycle more as an exercise?
For additional information, please see BBC News Health.
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In a recent study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that participants who consumed more added sugar in their diet were more likely to die of heart disease. Of the 31,000 U.S. adults surveyed between 1988 and 2010, an average of 15 to 17 percent of their daily calorie intake was from added sugars. This is greater than the recommended amount set by the American Heart Association of 100 calories of added sugars per day for women and 150 calories for men and the World Health Organization’s recommendation of 10 percent as the limit. The results showed that participants who consumed between 10 and 25 percent were at a 30 percent increase for cardiovascular disease death and those who consumed 25 percent or more were twice as likely. What tips do you have for patients to minimize added sugar intake?
For additional information, please click Reuters.
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In an analysis of the trial recently published in Lancet, more than 9300 patients with impaired glucose tolerance and cardiovascular disease or risk factors from 40 countries were given a pedometer and followed for the next 6 years. The ambulatory activity or walking was inversely associated with risk of cardiovascular events. What types of pedometers or similar devices have you tried yourself or recommended to your patients to encourage a more active lifestyle?
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Exercise is one of the most suggested recommendations to sick and healthy individuals. A recent study published in the European Heart Journal evaluated 53,000 race participants between 1989 and 1999. They found that athletes who finished more marathons had a bigger risk of hospitalization with arrhythmias. What are your typical recommendations to patients about the type and amount of exercise they should include in their lives?
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We’ve all been told that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and a recent study published in the journal Circulation re-affirms this saying. This prospective cohort study enrolled 26,902 American men without heart disease or cancer from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study and eating habits were assessed using a questionnaire every 4 years. During 16 years of follow-up, 1,527 men developed heart disease and men who did not eat breakfast had a 27% increased risk of heart disease. It is important to note that many other confounders can increase risk of heart disease and further research is needed to confirm the findings of this study. How often do you skip breakfast? Will the results of this study change your eating habits?
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A recent analysis evaluated an association between fiber and reduced disease risk using 28 studies on diabetes, 33 studies on cardiovascular disease and 19 studies on obesity. Researchers found that people consuming fiber-rich diet had 18 to 40 percent reduced risk of developing diabetes compared to people who did not eat high amounts of fiber. Less stroke risk and death from cardiovascular disease was also tied with high fiber intake. Eating more fiber-rich grains was also associated with a small but significant weight loss. Although, the study found a benefit with fiber-rich diet, an amount of fiber is yet to be determined. Based on all the data out there, how much fiber do you recommend your patients to consume daily?
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A recent study in the European Journal of Heart Failure, studiedthe effect of coenzyme Q10 on morbidity and mortality in chronic heart failure. Results from the study revealed thatpatients in placebo group were significantly more likely to reach a major adverse cardiovascular event than those inCoQ10 group.How many of your chronic heart failure patients take this supplement? Would these results encourage you to prescribe CoQ10 for your patients as maintenance therapy?
For more infrmation, please click here to review the study in detail:
A recent study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition reports an association between black tea consumption and high blood pressure reduction during the night. In this trial, 111 participants were studied and assigned to either consume 3 cups of black tea per day or flavonoid-free caffeine-matched beverage. Blood pressure readings along with other vital signs were monitored throughout the day. Results of the study conclude that compared to control group, the subjects that consumed black tea had significant reduction in their blood pressure. What beverages to you typically recommend to reduce blood pressure? What other lifestyle changes can patients consider to improve their cardiovascular health?
For additional information, please go to The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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