According to new study from the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, consuming tea and citrus juices could correspond to a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer. This was the first large-scale study to determine the role of flavanoids on ovarian cancer, and followed 172,000 patients over three decades. The research team found that women who consumed flavonols and flavanones, which are two sub-types of flavanoids, experienced much less of a risk of developing epithelial ovarian cancer. Since these flavanoids are found in tea and citrus juices and fruits, it is fairly easy to incorporate them to get the associated benefits. This was a promising find, as roughly 20,000 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the United States each year and it also happens to be the fifth leading cause of death from cancer among women. What other dietary sources of flavanoids do you recommend to your patients for health benefits?
Gestational diabetes, a common pregnancy complication, has been found to be possibly related to eating fried foods on a regular basis. The research published in the journal Diabetologia discovered 13% increase in gestational diabetes among pregnant women who eat fried foods one to three times per week comparing to ones who eat once a week. The percentage escalates to 31% and more than 50% for those who eat four to six times and seven or more times per week, respectively. However, the cause-effect relationship has not been yet established in this study, and more evidence is needed. How do you typically counsel your pregnant patients about healthy nutrition? What are some of the recommendations that you make?
For more information, please visit WebMD.
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A single injection of the natural hormone, kisspeptin might replace the need for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone in in-vitro fertilization. Ten of 53 women in a recent study gave birth, with 2 women giving birth to twins. The hCG triggers egg maturation but can overstimulate the ovaries, but kisspeptin is broken down more quickly resulting in less overstimulation. Five adverse effects reported were 2 ectopic pregnancy, 2 miscarriages, and 1 heterotopic pregnancy. How do you feel about the use of kisspeptin as an alternative to hCG therapy?
For additional information, please see Journal of Clinical Investigation.
A new study was performed to show the effect of exercise on hot flashes among women going through menopause. Study included 248 women randomized into two groups, one group that exercised three times per week for 12 weeks and other group that did their usual activity. All the women included in the study were going through menopause or had already gone through it. Confounders were reduced by only including women that were already presenting frequent hot flashes at the start of the study. Participants were told to keep track of the number and severity of hot flashes using daily diary. Researchers found no connection between exercise and reduction in hot flashes. Author of the study still recommended women to exercise because of its beneficial effects on other menopausal symptoms such as depression and insomnia. What are your thoughts about these findings?
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A study led by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences researcher, Donna Baird, suggested that there is a negative association between Vitamin D and risk of uterine fibroids – 1,036 women were evaluated, women who had sufficient level of Vitamin D were about 30 percent less likely to develop fibroids. How often do you counsel women on their vitamin D intake? Do you have favorite brands/products?
For additional information, please go to National Institute of Health
A recent study published in the journal Menopause evaluated the consumption of soy-related products and the onset of menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats in women who were premenopausal at the start of the study. Soy contains phytoestrogens, a plant-based estrogen, and is mainly found in food such as tofu and miso. After the 10-year study, researchers concluded that the intake of soy-containing foods did not prevent the onset of menopausal symptoms women experience. What do you typically recommend to your patients for the prevention of symptoms of menopause
Please read the article in News Track India to find out more.
A double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial recently published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute evaluated the use of folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 in 1,470 women, who were part of a larger study, and the risk of colorectal adenoma. Researchers concluded that women who took 2.5 mg of folic acid, 50 mg of vitamin B6, and 1 mg of vitamin B12 showed no decreased risk of colorectal adenoma compared to placebo. What counseling points do you generally provide to patients taking these supplements?
For more information, please read the abstract in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.